Fire Danger Rating System (FDRS)
Jabatan Meteorologi Malaysia
Kementerian Sumber Asli, Alam Sekitar & Perubahan Iklim
FDRS - ASEAN Observation Data
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The FDRS is a system that monitors forest/vegetation fires risk and supplies information that assists in fire management. The products of FDRS can be used to predict fire behavior and can be used as a guide to policy-makers in developing actions to protect life, property and the environment. In 1997/98, extensive forest fire in one of the ASEAN country caused widespread haze in the SEA region. This significantly affected the tourism industries, the health of the population and the environment. The total loss was estimated to be US $9 billion. In response to this environmental disaster, the SEA Environment Ministers initiated a Regional Haze Action Plan. As part of this Action Plan, a monitoring and warning system for forest/vegetation fires need to be developed and implemented. Adopted from the Canadian Forest Fire Danger Rating System, the SEA Fire Danger Rating System (FDRS) was subsequently developed and implemented. Initially the SEA Fire Danger Rating was produced daily by the Canadian Forest Service (CFS). Starting from the middle of September 2003, this responsibility is handed over to the Malaysian Meteorological Service (MMS). Since then, Malaysian Meteorological Department (MET Malaysia) has been producing SEA Fire Danger Rating products on a daily basis.